CHARACTERISTICS OF WORD-FORMATION ROW AS A UNIT OF WORD-FORMATIONAL LEVEL ACCORDING TO THE STRUCTURAL AND SEMANTIC PARAMETERS


Keywords: word-formation, word-formation row, word-formation chain, word-formation type, word-formation paradigm

Abstract

The relevance of the article is determined by the common tendency of the shift of derivatologists’ attention alongside with derivative words towards their groups and their objectival existence in the language. Derivatology puts to such groups the notions of word-formation rows, word-formation chains, word-formation types, word-formation paradigms and word-formation nests.

The purpose of the article is to determine the place of English word-formation rows in their interaction with the other units of word-formational system, particularly with word-formation chains, word-formation types and word-formation paradigms. In our article it is not our objective to examine the characteristics of the word-formation nests, because they are the largest complex units in word-formation and questions regarding the description of word-formation nests in the Modern English language are staying quite arguable at the moment.

The object of analysis in the article are characteristics of the English word-formation rows in their interaction with other units of word-formational system.

The article deals with the questions about common and different features between the word-formation rows and the basic units of the English word-formational system.

The material indicates that word-formation rows and word-formation chains differ from each other by their composition and structure. As we have made sure, word-formation chains can include various parts of speech, whereas, at the same time, the meaning of a word-formation chain in comparison with the meaning of a word-formation row could be revealed with the help of semantic structure analysis of its last component. The difference between the word-formation row and the word-formation paradigm primarily lies in the fact that word-formation paradigm includes paronymous words with different word-formation formant, whereas word-formation row may include, according to its definition, words with different roots, but always with the same word-formation formant. A notion, which stands the closest to the notion of “word-formation row” is the notion of word-formation type, which, however, is not at all identical, because, according to the definition, a word-formation row unites the words with the common formant only at the last derivational stage. We have also found out that the English language, similarly to Ukrainian, possesses the phenomenon of a synonymy of word-formation types. That is, the words possess the same functional meaning, but are formed with the help of the different derivational formants, therefore they are formed by different word-formation types.

The results of this study expand the horizons of further analysis of the English word-formational system, particularly word-formation rows of nouns with the suffix =ation/=ion; =tion/=ition.

Author Biography

R.O. Durov, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University,Ukraine

Postgraduate student at the Department of Translation and Linguistic Training of Foreigners

References

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Published
2019-04-29
How to Cite
Durov, R. (2019). CHARACTERISTICS OF WORD-FORMATION ROW AS A UNIT OF WORD-FORMATIONAL LEVEL ACCORDING TO THE STRUCTURAL AND SEMANTIC PARAMETERS. Linguistics. Lingvoculturology, 13, 85-93. Retrieved from http://lingvodnu.com/index.php/journal/article/view/141