THE PECULIARITIES OF HYPONYMIC RELATIONS IN RUSSIAN TERMINOLOGY OF URBAN ACOUSTICS


Keywords: terminology, terminological system, paradigmatic relations hyponymic relations, hyponym, hyperonym, genus-species relationships, taxonomic synonymy

Abstract

The relevance of the article is due to the interest of modern researchers to terms, terminological systems and terminology in general, and to the issues of streamlining and improvement of branch terminological systems in particular.

The purpose of the article is a lexicological analysis of hyponymy relations in Russian Urban Acoustics terminology.

The lexical units of the Urban Acoustics terminology are the objects of the article study. The lexical-semantic structures in the scientific and technical texts of articles, monographs, normative documents, as well as vocabulary materials are subjects of the research.

The article presents lexical-semantic analysis of hyponymy relations in Russian Urban Acoustics terminology. The paradigmatic relations and relations of the lexical elements of the given term-system are identified and described.

This terminology is a holistic, widely branched and systemically organized terminology that covers all the basic concepts of the field of urban planning acoustics. The consistency of the analyzed terminology is manifested both by its subject-conceptual organization and by the orderliness, depending on its own linguistic factors, identifying the relations (paradigmatic and syntagmatic) of one words to other words. The consistency of terminology is manifested in the thematic groups themselves. These groups are combined on the basis of a semantic and functional community. The hyper-hyponymic, synonymic and antonymic relations are identified within these groups.

It is noted that the strict hierarchy, interrelation and interdependence of the conceptual sphere inherent to this terminology is transferred by terminological units due to the presence of the classification type of relations. System relationships of the studying terminology are primarily manifested in the expression of genus-special relations that are observed not only in the objects category naming system, but also in the processes category naming system. At least hyponymic relations inherent in the system express the concepts categories properties. The Russian Urban Acoustics terminology is characterized by a multi-layered semantic organization, but the staging is mostly fragmented. The results of this study broaden the horizons of the lexicological research of branch terminologies. This is of interest both from theoretical and practical point of view, of streamlining and improvement of the branch terminological systems of language.

Author Biographies

V.Yu. Tiutiunnyk, Pridniprovs’ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture

Doctor of Philosophy (Philology), Associated  Professor

Yu.V. Degtyariova, Pridniprovs’ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture

Doctor of Philosophy (Pedagogy), Associated  Professor

References

Литература

1. Апресян Ю. Д. Лексическая семантика. Синонимические средства языка. Москва: Наука. 1974. 397с.
2. Блумфильд Л. Язык. Москва : Прогресс 1968. 606 с.
3. Брагина А А. Синонимы в литературном языке. Москва: Наука. 1976. 124 с.
4. Виноградов В В. О формах слова / Изв. АН СССР. Отд. Лит-ры и языка. 1944. Т.3 Вып.1. – С.31-44.
5. Даниленко В П. О кратком варианте термина. К вопросу о синонимии в терминологии./ Русская речь. 1972. № 5. С.75-81.
6. Даниленко В П.Русская терминология. Опыт лингвистического описания. Москва: Наука. 1977. 246 с.
7. Караулов Ю. Н. Общая и русская идеография. Москва : Наука. 1976. 356 с.
8.. Квитко И. С. Термин в научном документе. Львов: Вища школа, изд-во при Львовском университете, 1976. 127 с.
9.. Матлина Г. А. К вопросу о гипонимической группе / Семантика языковых единиц. Ленинград : Изд-во Ленингр. пед. ин-та, 1975. С. 85-88.
10. Никитин М. В. Лексическое значение слова /Структура и комбинаторика : [учеб. пособие для педвузов по спец № 2103 «Иностр. яз.»]. Москва : Высшая школа, 1983. 127 с.
11. Новиков Л. А. Семантика русского языка [учеб. пособие]. Москва: Высшая школа, 1982. 272 с.
12. Прохорова В. Н. Семантика термина / Вестник Московского университета. Сер. 9.Филология. 1981. №3. С.23-32
13. Самойлюк Е. П. Борьба с шумом в градостроительстве. Киев: Будівельник.1975. 128 с.
14. Суперанская А. В.,Подольская Н. В., Васильева Н. В. Общая терминология. Вопросы теории. Москва: Наука. 1989. 246 с.
Published
2019-04-29
How to Cite
Tiutiunnyk, V., & Degtyariova, Y. (2019). THE PECULIARITIES OF HYPONYMIC RELATIONS IN RUSSIAN TERMINOLOGY OF URBAN ACOUSTICS. Linguistics. Lingvoculturology, 13, 156-168. Retrieved from http://lingvodnu.com/index.php/journal/article/view/147