THE ROLE OF MENTALITY ACCOUNTING IN THE FORMATION OF THE NATIONAL CHARACTER ON STUDYING OF HUMANITARIAN DISCIPLINES
This article aims to show how in the classes on studying the subjects of the humanitarian cycle, in particular linguistic disciplines, you can use these concepts in the formation of a national character in order to educate a citizen of your country. The concept of mentality is to various branches of humanitarian knowledge. There is no doubt that the notion of mentality to the various branches of humanitarian knowledge. At the same time, the use of synonyms of the categories mentality and mentality can be found in the literature (which is quite possible with insufficient philosophical and methodological interpretation of the problem).
The object of consideration in the article are the concepts of mentality and mentality. The subject - linguistic subjects.
The ambiguous approach to the interpretation of the concepts of mentality and mentality has its own positive aspects, since for each field of knowledge it, in this case, opens with a new, invisible edge. For some of the humanities, the very fact of introducing the term mentality into scientific circulation is very problematic. The modern scientific homocentric paradigm proceeds from the fact that the mentality reflects the spiritual and behavioral specificity that makes representatives of one people different from other peoples, and because of this, it becomes an important factor in the identity of a particular community. Full familiarity with any national culture, language and literature involves not only the study of the material components of this culture in the broad sense of the word, not only knowledge of its historical, geographical and economic determinants, but also an attempt to penetrate the nation’s way of thinking, trying to look at the world around them through the eyes of the bearers language of this culture.
Findings. First, the mentality is a complete picture of the world in its value orientations, existing for a long time, regardless of the specific economic and political conditions, based on ethnic predispositions and historical traditions.
Secondly, the mentality is manifested in the feeling, reason and will of each individual member of society based on the common language and education and is part of the folk spiritual culture that creates the ethno-mental space of a people in a given territory of its existence; secondly, the national mentality is a way of thinking, a psychological mindset, especially thinking.
Thirdly, the national mentality is inextricably linked with the national character, which is understood not only as a set of specific, distinctive features inherent only in a given people, but also as a peculiar set of universal human features.
Fourthly, speaking of the mentality of a nation, a people, we touch upon a complex, multilayered set of mechanisms and methods of action, closely related to the centuries-old culture of a people, its acquired and fixed ways of responding to changes in the external world, determining the nation’s behavior.
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