ABBREVIATION IN THE SYSTEM OF WORD FORMATION OF NEOLOGISMS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND PECULIARITIES OF LEXICAL ABBREVIATIONS TRANSLATION


Keywords: neologism, abbreviation, word formation, lexical abbreviations, telescopes.

Abstract

Abbreviation is considered as a mechanism of formation of lexical innovations, which is one of the most productive ways of replenishing the vocabulary of the English language.

It is emphasized that abbreviation greatly extends the derivative capabilities of vocabulary of the language.

It is noted that the emergence of abbreviations in the English language is facilitated by two groups of factors: linguistic and extra-lingual.

Emphasis is placed on classifying abbreviations in linguistics by different principles.

The article deals with lexical abbreviations, which include abbreviations, truncations and telescopes (contamination). Lexical abbreviations were selected from the Dictionary of the English language innovations at the beginning of the 21st century.

The abbreviations were examined in detail. Examples are given of the formation of: initialisms, represented by the initial letters of the abbreviated components of phrases or compound words; acronyms, which are a sequence of sounds denoted by the initial letters that are read as a common word (within the study, this group of neologisms-acronyms appeared to be the most numerous) and phonetic abbreviations (in which the semantics of the object whose name is facilitate abbreviated, are embedded in the form itself).

Truncation is considered as a way of word formation, based on the reduction of a forming word stem by the type of abbreviation without taking into account the junction of morphemes. Examples of truncated words are given with explanation of their formation and translation. It is noted that the distinctive feature of truncation is the reduction of their stylistic color.

It is also emphasized that in modern English complex abbreviations with the abbreviated first part of the original phrase, such as e-coup, m-government, etc., are becoming more common.

It is noted that many of the complicated short words of modern English are telescopes which contribute to linguistic economy. They are classified by productive models of their formation. Four models of telescope formation are distinguished: telescopic words consisting of truncated elements of compound words; telescopic words consisting of the complete stem of the first word with the truncated stem of the second word; telescopic words consisting of the truncated stem of the first word with the complete stem of the second word; haplological telescopes (superposition of a common element). It is underlined that among the examples given, haplological telescopes prevail.

Examples of lexical abbreviations in modern English are provided with translation. Newly formed lexical abbreviations do not have translation equivalents in the Ukrainian language. Emphasis is placed on the desirability of using descriptive translation as the most effective way to convey the meaning of the new lexical unit in the language.

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Published
2020-02-09
How to Cite
Radchenko, T. (2020). ABBREVIATION IN THE SYSTEM OF WORD FORMATION OF NEOLOGISMS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND PECULIARITIES OF LEXICAL ABBREVIATIONS TRANSLATION. Linguistics. Lingvoculturology, (15), 19-29. Retrieved from https://lingvodnu.com/index.php/journal/article/view/195