ABOUT THE STRUCTURE AND LEXICAL FILLING OF THE SEMANTIC FIELD “FAUNA” IN THE MODERN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE


Keywords: semantic field, animalisms, zoosemisms, system-structural and cognitive approaches to language learning, field core and periphery, field-forming factors, concept sphere, basic frames of the concept sphere, conceptual metaphor.

Abstract

The relevance of the study is determined by the need for a comprehensive scientific study of the semantic field “Fauna”; the establishment in linguistics of new anthropocentric and synergetic approaches to the study of semantic fields of words, which requires the development of new methods and techniques for studying language material; the need for linguistic science in dictionaries of a new type.

The purpose of our article is to describe the semantic field created by semantic groups of animalisms and zoosemisms (words with the peripheral seme “animal”) of the modern Russian language in the system-structural and cognitive aspects.

The subject of study is the extralinguistic and linguistic factors of the formation of the “Fauna” field, the core and periphery of the field; core animal concepts; internal structure of the Fauna conceptosphere.

The article discusses the differences of groups of units traditionally distinguished in linguistics that differ in the volume of the created field and the nature of the units that form it: thematic and lexical-semantic groups, semantic, conceptual and associative fields; presents a new look at the organization of the conceptual field-conceptosphere. The set of concepts in the conceptual sphere is distributed on the basis of basic frames: subject, actional, comparative, posessive and identification.

Animalisms, representing the core of the semantic field “Fauna”, are considered in the systemic-structural aspect. For this, the extralinguistic and linguistic factors of the formation of the field of animalisms are analyzed. Based on the analysis of field-forming factors, which include the degree of occupation of the positions of the female, male, cub; the breadth of the word-building capabilities of animalisms; the presence of a microfield of the names of the same animal, the core and periphery of  animalism field are determined.

Zoosemic vocabulary – words that include the peripheral sema “animal” in their meaning –in our study serves as a source for studying relationships in the fauna conceptosphere. The frame composition of the non-core vocabulary of the animal conceptosphere is determined. SUBJECT, ACTIONAL, COMPARATIVE, POSSESSIVE and IDENTIFICATION frames are analyzed for their volume, methods of linguistic expression, the composition of domains and subdomains in them, the presence of conceptual metaphors in them.

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Published
2020-02-09
How to Cite
Liapicheva, Y., & Kushnir, L. (2020). ABOUT THE STRUCTURE AND LEXICAL FILLING OF THE SEMANTIC FIELD “FAUNA” IN THE MODERN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE. Linguistics. Lingvoculturology, (15), 40-54. Retrieved from https://lingvodnu.com/index.php/journal/article/view/197