LINGUISTIC IDEAS OF ANCIENT INDIAN SCIENTIFIC PANINI IN MODERN INTERPRETATION


Keywords: comparative analysis, structuralism, constructivism, generative linguistics, generative grammar, continuity of scientific ideas.

Abstract

 

The relevance of the article is due to the need to consider modern linguistic ideas from the point of view of their genesis, which is a necessary condition for the most complete and comprehensive study of such a phenomenon as a language.

The purpose of this article is a comparative analysis of the linguistic ideas of the ancient Indian compiler of the first Sanskrit Panini grammar with the scientific concepts of structuralism and generativeism - the leading linguistic directions of the twentieth century.

The object of the study in the article is some provisions of the Panini grammar, echoing modern linguistic concepts.

The analysis of the material proves that the method of describing a language through the rules for constructing texts used in Panini's grammar was unique and was not used in the science of language until recently. There is a direct connection between the linguistic ideas of the ancient Indian scholar and the concepts of structuralism: Panini was the first to apply a systematic approach to the language and used the techniques that underlie modern linguistic modeling. No doubt concerning the relation of his linguistic concepts with the ideas of generative linguistics: Sanskrit grammar was a set of certain rules, and constructivists also saw the task of linguists in identifying a system of rules that the speaker or listener uses in a particular speech situation; Panini’s grammar can be called the first generative grammar, since in a certain sense it taught the generation of speech, and the founder of generativeism N. Chomsky defined the language as a “recursively generated system”, building its “generative grammar” on the same principles as Panini.

A comparative analysis of the provisions set forth in the first grammar of Sanskrit Panini and the main ideas of such linguistic trends of the twentieth century as structural and generative linguistics allows us to conclude the continuity of scientific concepts, since all the main directions of modern language science are based on certain linguistic traditions , rooted deep in centuries.

References

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Published
2020-02-09
How to Cite
Shkurko, O. (2020). LINGUISTIC IDEAS OF ANCIENT INDIAN SCIENTIFIC PANINI IN MODERN INTERPRETATION. Linguistics. Lingvoculturology, (15), 102-111. Retrieved from https://lingvodnu.com/index.php/journal/article/view/204