SEMANTIC VARIANTS OF THE RESPONSIVE SENTENCES WITHIN QUESTION-ANSWER SYSTEM


  • I.P. Suima Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Ukraine
Keywords: responsive sentence, question-answer system, verbal reaction, semantic features, heuristic responsive, meaningful responsive.

Abstract

The article deals with the consideration of the basic semantic variants of the responsive sentences on the material of the English language. It is noted that formal responsive is the easiest type of answer, which does not require a person to answer any deep analysis of the question, and even more thought out and specially organized concept of the answer. It is enough to use  the simplest form of positive or negative reaction. But the answer yes / no type can not always convey the content of the communication, such responses in a number of cases are simply impossible or inexpedient. As is the case, for example, with the use of those who ask, an alternative question, constructs with question words and other linguistic means with the installation of any information. In such cases, it is necessary to use not just a formal, even an expanded, responsive, but a responsive of meaningful, filled answer with vocabulary that focuses on a concrete communicative situation. The nature of such an answer can be varied and include in a corresponding responsive sentence as stylistically marked words and insertions (exclamations, appeals, inserts and constructs), and updated, communicative as well as pragmatically meaningful vocabulary.
Depending on how adequately, fully and pragmatically acceptable the answer to a given question is, as well as the relevance of the question and answer vocabulary, we divide the meaningful responsives into two main types: tautological, consisting mainly of the vocabulary of the question itself, and heuristic, built on the basis of not only vocabulary questions, but also some other than the one who asks lexical material.

Author Biography

I.P. Suima, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Ukraine

Candidate of Science (Philology), Associate Professor

 

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Published
2018-04-04
How to Cite
Suima, I. (2018). SEMANTIC VARIANTS OF THE RESPONSIVE SENTENCES WITHIN QUESTION-ANSWER SYSTEM. Linguistics. Lingvoculturology, 12(1), 288-297. Retrieved from https://lingvodnu.com/index.php/journal/article/view/95